Behavior Contrast

This is a common side effect of reinforcement, punishment, and extinction procedures. This describes the effects of a schedule change that increases or decreases the rate of responding in one schedule of reinforcement and results in an opposite change of responding in the other schedule of reinforcement where no intervention has been put into place. Think about teenagers who are punished severely for swearing at home but do not receive any punishment when out with peers. Their swearing may decrease drastically under the punishment condition but do the opposite (increase) around their friends where a different contingency is in place.